She asked Ravi, “What is worrying you?”
Right Answer is: D
The given sentence is in interrogative form. To convert such sentences into indirect narration, the below rules are followed:
- Say/Said is changed to ask/asked/wonder/wondered/enquire of/enquired of etc as per the sense of the sentence.
- Inverted commas (” “) are removed.
- If the reported speech is in YES/NO question form then if/whether is used before reported speech.
- If the reported speech is in the form of WH-Question (who/what/why/how/where/when/which etc), no conjunction is used before the question word. The question word itself works as a conjunction.
- Reported verb is made assertive; i.e. it is kept in the order of subject + verb.
- The sign of interrogation (?) is removed and full stop is used.
Common rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech:
- The words like, this, these, tomorrow, yesterday change to that, those, the next day, the previous day respectively.
- If the reporting verb is in past tense, we make changes to the reported verb as per the below rule:
- Simple present tense changes to simple past tense.
- Present continuous tense changes to past continuous tense.
- Present perfect tense changes to past perfect tense.
- Present Perfect continuous tense changes to past perfect continuous tense.
- Simple past tense changes to past perfect tense.
- Past continuous tense changes to past perfect continuous tense.
- No changes are made to past perfect and past perfect continuous tense.
Below are the rules for changing the pronouns correctly:
- First person pronoun changes according to the subject of reporting speech.
- Second person pronoun changes according to the object of reporting speech.
- Third person pronoun does not change in indirect speech.