Change the narration: She asked Ravi, "What is worrying you?" The give

| Change the narration:

She asked Ravi, “What is worrying you?”

A. She asked Ravi what is worrying him.

B. She asks Ravi what was worrying him.

C. She asks Ravi what is worrying him.

D. She asked Ravi what was worrying him.

Right Answer is: D

SOLUTION

The given sentence is in interrogative form. To convert such sentences into indirect narration, the below rules are followed:

  • Say/Said is changed to ask/asked/wonder/wondered/enquire of/enquired of etc as per the sense of the sentence.
  • Inverted commas (” “) are removed.
  • If the reported speech is in YES/NO question form then if/whether is used before reported speech.
  • If the reported speech is in the form of WH-Question (who/what/why/how/where/when/which etc), no conjunction is used before the question word. The question word itself works as a conjunction.
  • Reported verb is made assertive; i.e. it is kept in the order of subject + verb.
  • The sign of interrogation (?) is removed and full stop is used.

Common rules for converting direct speech to indirect speech:

  • The words like, this, these, tomorrow, yesterday change to that, those, the next day, the previous day respectively.
  • If the reporting verb is in past tense, we make changes to the reported verb as per the below rule:
  • Simple present tense changes to simple past tense.
  • Present continuous tense changes to past continuous tense.
  • Present perfect tense changes to past perfect tense.
  • Present Perfect continuous tense changes to past perfect continuous tense.
  • Simple past tense changes to past perfect tense.
  • Past continuous tense changes to past perfect continuous tense.
  • No changes are made to past perfect and past perfect continuous tense.

Below are the rules for changing the pronouns correctly:

  • First person pronoun changes according to the subject of reporting speech.
  • Second person pronoun changes according to the object of reporting speech.
  • Third person pronoun does not change in indirect speech.

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